Regular cleans are not only to make the teeth look good but also to keep the gums healthy. There is material that the toothbrush at home just cannot remove, and it might be invisible as well.
Plaque is the sticky, colourless film that constantly forms on your teeth. A vast range of bacteria live in plaque and secrete acids that cause tooth decay and irritate gum tissue. This irritation causes an inflammatory reaction by your body that can eventually lead to progressive gingivitis (gum inflammation) and periodontal disease (loosening of the teeth).
The plaque evolves from a pellicle or bacterial film, comprising mainly of plaque that is good at sticking to surfaces. Regular flossing (every day) can help to remove this chain of plaque around each tooth, so find a type of floss or perio tape and get into a good habit of daily flossing. Without regular flossing, the pellicle or sticky plaque is left as a residue between the teeth.
The pellicle of plaque film provides a surface for more advanced plaque. The advanced plaque secretes acids that cause gum irritation. This is most commonly below the gum layer. The toothbrush may only reach 1mm under the gum, but the advanced plaque accumulates in the deep parts of the gum.
Calculus is a type of hardened plaque. It is due to a combination of plaque and the minerals in saliva and oral secretions. It most commonly occurs on the back of the lower front teeth due to the saliva that comes out from under the tongue. As calculus builds up it also provides an environment for many bacteria. Underneath the gum, the calculus bacterium evolves to destroy the gum by fermenting acids and disrupting the gum blood supply.
At Dental Pod we take care to ensure the deeper parts of the gum are cleaned as well. If this cannot be managed by us, you may be referred to a periodontist for specialist gum care.